The Future in German (Futur I and Futur II)


Futur I

Use of Futur I

Futur I in German is the same as the simple future in English, having 4 functions:

  • Expressing a future event

Es wird regnen
It will rain

  • Expressing an intention

In many cases when Futur I is used with the first person (ich, wir), it reflects the intention of carrying out some action.

Ich werde morgen fliegen
I will fly tomorrow

If we are sure that the action will be carried out, it is more correct to use the Präsens.

Er fliegt morgen
He's flying tomorrow

  • Giving an order (equivalent of the imperative)

Du wirst jetzt die Hausaufgaben machen
You will do the homework now

  • Expressing an assumption about a present fact

Sie wird müde sein
She is probably tired

Conjugation of "Futur I"

The conjugation is very simple: Verb "werden" in the present + verb infinitive.

Verb werden in Präsens

ich werde arbeitenI will work
du wirst arbeitenyou will work
er/sie/es wird arbeitenhe will work
wir werden arbeitenwe will work
ihr werdet arbeitenyou will work
(speaking to a group)
sie werden arbeitenthey will work


Sie wird ein Auto kaufen
She will buy a car

Wir werden unsterblich sein
We will be immortal

Futur II

Use of Futur II

Futur II is the equivalent of the future perfect in English. It has 2 functions:

  • To express an event that will take place in the future

Er wird morgen angekommen sein
He will have arrived tomorrow

  • To express an assumption from the past

Er wird schon angekommen sein
He probably arrived already

Conjugation of "Futur II"

The conjugation: Verb "werden" in the present + Partizip II of the verb + "sein" or "haben".

Explanation when to use "haben" and when to use "sein" as an auxiliary verb


Er wird es bald geschafft haben
He will have finished soon

Er wird wohl im Urlaub gewesen sein
He probably is on vacation

Er wird sicher fertig gegessen haben
He must have eaten already

Related topics: Present, Introduction to Verb Conjugation